Assessment Psychology is a specialty division for assessment psychologists who are trained in the process of evaluating behavior and/or characteristics of individuals or groups by integrating information from multiple data sources (i.e., tests, interviews, behavioral observations, surveys, and other techniques) to derive an in-depth understanding of an individual.
Clinical Psychology is the scientific study of mental health, personality and everyday adjustment. It is the branch of psychology engaged in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of psychological problems, i.e., mental, emotional and or behavioral problems. It is a specialty that involves the application of psychology for the purpose of understanding, preventing, and addressing psychologically-based distress or dysfunction.
Counseling Psychology as a psychological specialty facilitates personal and interpersonal functioning across the life span with a focus on emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns. Through the integration of theory, research, and practice, and with a sensitivity to multicultural issues, this specialty encompasses a broad range of practices that help people improve their well-being, alleviate distress and maladjustment, resolve crises, and increase their ability to live more highly functioning lives.
Developmental Psychology is the subdiscipline in Psychology that is concerned with the nature of human development or change (in the cognitive, social, emotional, behavioral, physical aspects) throughout the life span. Developmental psychologists possess specialized knowledge of the developmental characteristics, issues, and processes governing specific periods of life such as infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Moreover, they understand how broader contextual factors-such as family, peers, culture, and society-influence and are influenced by individual development.
Educational Psychology is a specialty division for educational psychologists who are trained psychologists with interest in research, teaching, or practice in educational settings at all levels. The work of educational psychologists is concerned with theory, methodology, and applications to a broad spectrum of teaching, training, and learning issues.
Social Psychology is a branch of psychology that studies social cognition, affect, and behavior. It focuses on the individual within a group and how the presence of others (real or imagined) affects that individual. Social Psychologists study a broad spectrum of interests ranging from how an individual perceives one’s self to how that individual is influenced by others’ perception of him/her. Specific topics of study include attribution, attitude and attitude change, stereotyping, prejudice, aggression, interpersonal attraction, helping, group formation and processes, and conflict management.